In 2018, NMDA estimated New Mexico’s chile production at $53.8 million with a reported 8,400 acres of chile planted and 7,900 harvested. Amtrak, also known as the National Passenger Railroad Corporation, began operating the two extant long-distance routes in May 1971. As of the 2010 census, there were 67,947 people living in the city. These include the Dale Ball Trails, a 24.4-mile (39.3 km) network starting within two miles (3.2 km) of the Santa Fe Plaza; the long Santa Fe Rail Trail to Lamy; the Atalaya Trail up Atalaya Mountain; and the Santa Fe River Trail. The capital city of New Mexico is the city of Santa Fe. The writers and artists formed the Old Santa Fe Association and defeated the plan.[28]. Capital Outlay Request Forms Submit Capital Outlay Request 2021 Capital Outlay Request Deadline: 5 P.M., Thursday, February 11, 2021 Forms may be completed online beginning December 1, 2020 Other Information Session Publications (includes Capital Outlay Publications) Capital Outlay Information Bulletin Infrastructure Capital Improvement Plan (ICIP) Olympic gold medalist Tom Jager, who is an advocate of controversial high-altitude training for swimming, has conducted training camps in Albuquerque at 5,312 feet (1,619 m) and Los Alamos at 7,320 feet (2,231 m). [15] The Tanoans and other Pueblo peoples settled along the Santa Fe River for its water and transportation. US 85 is currently unsigned by the NMDOT, but the AASHTO still recognize it. Many of the federal jobs relate to the military; the state hosts three air force bases (Kirtland Air Force Base, Holloman Air Force Base, and Cannon Air Force Base); a testing range (White Sands Missile Range); and an army proving ground (Fort Bliss's McGregor Range). The 37°N parallel forms the northern boundary with Colorado. [81] Others, such as Juan Perea, claim that the state was officially bilingual until 1953. [138] The privately operated state owned railroad began operations in July 2006. ENM NEWS. [citation needed]. [133] The BNSF Railway's entire line from Belen to Raton, New Mexico was sold to the state, partially for the construction of phase II of this operation, which opened in December 2008. [50], In 2012, the city was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the U.S. by CBS MoneyWatch and U.S. News & World Report.[51][52]. [145], Amtrak's Southwest Chief passes through daily at stations in Gallup, Albuquerque, Lamy, Las Vegas, and Raton, offering connections to Los Angeles, Chicago and intermediate points. New Mexico holds strong to its Spanish heritage. Other areas of geographical and scenic interest include Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument and the Gila Wilderness in the southwest of the state. Cultural highlights include Santa Fe Plaza and the Palace of the Governors, and the Fiesta de Santa Fe, as well as distinct New Mexican cuisine restaurants and New Mexico music performances. New Mexico's second Spanish governor, Don Pedro de Peralta, however, founded a new city at the foot of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in 1607, which he called La Villa Real de la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asís, the Royal Town of the Holy Faith of Saint Francis of Assisi. Juan de Oñate was banished and exiled from New Mexico by the Spanish, after his rule was deemed cruel towards the indigenous population. [9][10] After Mexican independence in 1821, New Mexico became a Mexican territory with considerable autonomy. [68], The U.S. Census Bureau estimated that 48% of the total 2015 population was Hispanic or Latino of any race, the highest of any state. New Mexico United, also based in Albuquerque, began play in the second tier of the American soccer pyramid, the USL Championship, in 2019. Along with the New Mexico Rail Runner Express, a commuter rail line serving the metropolitan areas of Albuquerque and Santa Fe, the city or its environs are served by two other railroads. Colonel Alexander William Doniphan, under the command of Kearny, recovered ammunition from Santa Fe labeled "Spain 1776" showing both the lack of communications and quality military support New Mexico received under Mexican rule.[19]. [137] The first railroads incorporated in 1869. For many years the two universities have had a rivalry often referred to as the "Rio Grande Rivalry" or the "Battle of I-25" in recognition of the campuses' both being located along that highway. New Mexico is currently the second most dependent tax dollar state.[109]. When Mexico won its independence from Spain in 1821, the Mexican government designated Santa Fe as the capital of the Mexican province of Nuevo Mexico, and … It wanted to control lands needed for the right-of-way to encourage construction of a transcontinental railroad. The United States Congress admitted New Mexico as the 47th state on January 6, 1912. The two states share similar terrain, with both having plains, mountains, basins, mesas, and desert lands. [136]:10, Railroad surveyors arrived in New Mexico in the 1850s. The Santa Fe site was used next to hold German and Italian nationals, who were considered enemy aliens after the outbreak of war. The country around it is barren. For the state, 23.9% of people over 25 have gone to college but not earned a degree. [87], According to Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA), the largest denominations in 2010 were the Catholic Church with 684,941; the Southern Baptist Convention with 113,452; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with 67,637, and the United Methodist Church with 36,424 adherents. The New Mexico Legislature consists of the House of Representatives and Senate. Old Spanish traditions such zarzuelas and flamenco are popular in New Mexico. Many are around the historic downtown Plaza or close by: New Mexico Museum of Art – collections of Southwestern Arts. For every 100 females, there were 91.7 males. [124] Chaco Canyon's trade function shifted to Casas Grandes in the present-day Mexican state of Chihuahua, however, north–south trade continued. Its capital is Santa Fe. 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