Mediterranean type of vegetation in Africa is found along the northern and southern coast. Lake Tana is on the Ethiopian Plateau. It contains countries such as Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia. It is the only continent through which the Tropic of Cancer, the Equator, and the Tropic of Capricorn pass. From Lake Albert, it flows as the White Nile. Calculate Time and Cost. This flows from the Drakensberg Mountains into the Atlantic Ocean. It is part of Alexandria’s Chain of Lakes with a channel on the north end to Lake Geneva and another at the southeast corner to Lake Jessie. It begins in the rivers that flow into Lake Victoria (located in modern-day Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya), and empties into the Mediterranean Sea more than 6,600 kilometers (4,100 miles) to the north, making it one of the longest river in the world. Fig 2: Important rivers Lake Tanganyika is between Congo, Zambia, Burandi and Tanzania and Lake Malawi is … Flinders Range. Cities by ZIP Code™ For more rapid delivery, please use the recommended or recognized city names whenever possible for this ZIP Code ™. Mount Kenya is located in central Kenya, just south of the equator, around 150 km (95 miles) north-northeast of Nairobi. Lake Victoria. Which of the above statements is/are correct? Lake Edward: Located between Uganda and Democratic Republic of Congo. The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, stretches across the entire width of North Africa. An example of Block mountain. 7. The picture was, however, far darker when looking only at the freshwater species endemic to the area — 204 of those assessed, according to the report titled “Freshwater biodiversity in the Lake Victoria Basin”. It is an extinct volcanic mountain situated in the northeast part of lake Victoria on the Uganda – Kenya border. It is situated on the northwestern part of the continent stretching over an area of 2400 km towards the southwest direction across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. The Zaire basin is one of the wettest regions of the Earth and is covered with dense impenetrable jungle. Lake Tanganyika. Lake Tanganyika: Rift valley lake which lies along the Tanzania, Zaire and Zambia. Spotlight News Analysis by All India Radio-UPSC, Biodiversity & Environment Current Affairs. As a volcanic mountain it has a crater which is 610 m deep and 8 km across. Find out the 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Africa with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc. Lake Malawi. These are mostly situated in the northern part of Chad and spread west into northern Niger and the Southern border area of Libya. This region continues over the Eastern Highlands and forms a wide area around the equatorial forests. Papyrus, tall grasses and lotus are the most common plants. For Previous Daily Quiz (ARCHIVES) – CLICK HERE The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam.The questions are focused on both the concepts and facts. At Khartoum, it is joined by the Blue Nile which starts from Lake Tana on the Ethiopian Highlands. It is the third largest lake of Africa and borders Tanzania, Mozambique. The height is about 4,321 km from the mean sea level. Its area is 26,828 square miles (69,484 square km). miles and encroaching parts of Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, Angola, and Zimbabwe. Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America , and the only one in the group located entirely within the United States . It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Vegetation at oases includes date palms, fig-trees, willows, poplars, and tamarisks. The grass is thick and coarse. [ January 6, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 6th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 5, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 5th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs [ January 4, 2021 ] Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS: 4th January 2021 Daily Current Affairs It is the source of the white Nile. Facts about lakes in India. The Equator or 0 degrees latitude runs almost through the middle of the continent. Lake Victoria is the second-largest freshwater lake in the world. Doumeira Islands, sometimes seen in news is located in –, a) Black Sea b) Red Sea c) Caspian Sea d) Mediterranean Sea. In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the Africa continent – World Geography For UPSC. Migingo is a small rock Island, located in Lake Victoria which is the largest lake in Africa and the largest Tropical Lake in the whole world. In fact, to this date, there is still fault actio… Australia – Lake Eyre(salt lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Nile River - Nile River - Physiography: It is thought that approximately 30 million years ago the early Nile, then a much shorter stream, had its sources at about 18° to 20° N latitude. It is one of the biggest looks man-made like and it is the largest producer of hydroelectricity in Africa. They have multiple uses. The major physical divisions of African continent are: The vast African continents are famous for its saucer-shaped and steep edged plateaus that are facing towards the coast and extending from Guinea coast to Somali Land and north Sahara to the Cape Province. Length (km): 6,690 … Important Cities. The Montane vegetation of highlands, particularly in Ethiopia and the mountains of the Great Rift Valley are such examples. The highest peaks of the mountain are Batian (5,199m – 17,058 ft), Nelion (5, 188m – 17,022 ft) and Lenana (4,958 – 16,355 ft). The Nubian Desert is the eastern region of the Sahara desert, between the Nile and the Red Sea. They yield pulp, timber, and such cabinet woods as mahogany, ebony, and teak. Lake Victoria, also the second largest freshwater lake on Earth It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. Katanga Plateau Farming, ranching, resource-rich – copper and Uranium deposits, Ethiopian Plateau Lake Tana (Source of Blue Nile), cooler despite close to the equator, Bie Plateau Important for copper, Agriculture and cattle rearing, Adamawa Plateau Savannah vegetation, Bauxite deposits. Away from the Equator to the north and south, rainfall decreases and there is a zone where there is a definite dry season unlike the equatorial region where it rains always. It is the source of the Blue Nile. The highest peak is Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft). 3,320,000 sq. The region under Montane forests yields valuable timber and cabinet woods along with bamboo and wild varieties of coffee and banana. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. These are divided into three groups: The South African plateau as far as about 12°S, bounded east, west and south by bands of high ground which fall steeply to the coasts. Different variety of shrubs and small trees, both deciduous and evergreen are grown. Africa Geologically, Lake Victoria is relatively young at about 400,000 years old. It found that a full 20% of these species were threatened with extinction. It is a man-made lake located between Egypt and Sudan. It is surrounded on all sides by the oceans and seas. Musgrave Range; The mountain ranges of northern region. Your One-Stop Solution for All round UPSC Civil Service Exam Preparations. It lies 2500 m above sea level. The Congo is the second-longest river in Africa. It rises from the Fout Djllon Mountain quite close to the sea but flows north and then turns south again to form a wide arc. It is half the size of a football pitch. The plants are able to withstand long, dry summers with waxy, leathery leaves and long taproots develop here. miles the range borders Uganda and Congo (Kinshasa) and thought to be the “Mountains of the Moon. Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones, Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira, is an inactive stratovolcano in north-eastern Tanzania. The South African plateau is connected towards the north-east with the East African plateau. To the south lay the vast enclosed drainage system containing the large Lake Sudd. India’s Best Online Website for IAS Exam Preparation. Provide the origin, destination, and weight of your shipment to compare service details then sort your results by time or cost to find the most cost-effective shipping service. Lake Kainji. Three quarters of freshwater species endemic to East Africa’s Lake Victoria basin face the threat of extinction, conservationists, warning the biodiversity there was being “decimated”. Lake Eyre. A variety of other trees tailored to life in muddy estuaries and tidal flats are found other than Mangrove. There is virtually no rainfall here, and there are no oases. Lake Victoria is located on the east side of Alexandria, Minnesota and has a wishbone shape. Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted to agricultural land. It is deepest and second largest lake of Africa. A team of Dedicated Mentors are at work to help you through Revision, Current Affairs, Test Series, Standard Notes to ace Your Dream to became an IAS ! The Equator passes through it. The lakes of the rift valley. Consequently, all this action causes depressions within the zone that eventually leads to the formation basins that fill up with water to become lakes. Commonly, the Sahel stretches from Senegal on the Atlantic coast, through parts of Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Sudan to Eritrea on the Red Sea coast. River Zambezi flows into the Indian Ocean. But this is incorrect. Savannas, covering perhaps one-third of the continent, consist of areas mainly growing grass. It is a gigantic horst of six separate glaciated masses which falls steeply westward to the Western Rift Valley. The river and its network of tributaries are not navigable because of rapids and waterfalls caused by the descent from the plateau to the coast. Islands between Africa and Latin America –. Grasses and low flowering plants grow only during the rainy months. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. The island was the center of a low-level territorial dispute between Kenya and Uganda. Q. The Owners Association of Victoria Lakes, Inc. C/O Florida Property & Association Management, Inc. PO Box 440367 Jacksonville, FL 32222-0004 Our management company's office is located at: 4736 Blanding Blvd Jacksonville, FL 32210 Your association board has partnered with Nabr Network to bring you this website and mobile app! Largest river of Africa and passes through the equator. Lake Tanganyika and Lake Nyasa (Malawi) are the larger ones. The Nile River was critical to the development of ancient Egypt. Top 10 Lakes in India It is the large landmass situated exactly in the middle of the continent covering Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé and Príncipe. The Equator runs almost through the middle of Africa. UPSC Recruitment 2021 for Assistant Director, Specialist Grade 2 Assistant Professor, Assistant Director and Other Posts, Apply @upsc.gov.in 23 hrs ago CBSE 10th & … The High Veld of southern Africa is temperate grassland between 3,500 and 11,000 feet (1,070 and 3,350 m) above sea level. It is situated roughly at 100° E longitude covering countries like Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo. Steppes bordering on deserts no trees are spotted, rather widely scattered bunches of grasses grow. Max. Thorny acacias, dwarf palms, and jujube trees are found here. The lake, which stretches into Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda and whose catchment also touches Burundi and Rwanda, is known for its high-level of unique biodiversity. A noted African conservationist, Mordecai Ogada, has said that Tanzania’s deal with two Egyptian firms to build a dam on the Rufiji river flowing through the Selous Game Reserve is probably an inducement by Egypt to the East African nation to not dam rivers draining into Lake Victoria, the source of the Nile river, the lifeline of the Arab nation. The Doumeira Islands are situated northeast of Djibouti and east of Eritrea near the Bab el-Mandeb in the Red Sea. Maps form a very crucial part of UPSC preparation. Algeria is Africa’s largest country by area, and Nigeria by population. These mountains are the highest in Southern Africa rising up at Thabana Ntlenyana at 3,482 m (11,422 ft) in height. They are located about 1,500 km south of the capital, Algiers. Egypt is called the gift of the Nile because without the river it would have been a desert. It is formed by a widening out of the eastern axis of high ground, which becomes subdivided into a number of zones running north and south and consisting in turn of ranges, tablelands and depressions. The physiographic divisions of Africa are into the following six regions: It extends from Algeria in the north, through, the Canary Islands, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Ceuta, Egypt, Libya, Madeira, Melilla, Morocco, Sudan and Tunisia, It reaches up to Western Sahara. This river is the chief river of West Africa. Australia is the smallest continent that lies entirely in the Southern Hemisphere. It formed when westward-flowing rivers were dammed by an upthrown crustal block. Antarctica – Lake Vostok (subglacial) Asia – Lake Baikal (if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) The slopes of the mountain are covered with thick evergreen forests. Its size is 416 acres and has a maximum depth of 60 feet. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world rising 4,600 m (15,100 ft) from its base and includes the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft). Lake Superior is the second largest lake in the world. Page 8 of World Geography Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) Quiz for State and UPSC Civil Services Examinations. depth : 80 m. River Charl is the largest river in this area. A fresh report backed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) assessed the extinction risk of 651 freshwater species like fish, molluscs, dragonflies, crabs and aquatic plants native to Africa’s largest lake. It is one of the Great Lakes of Africa. World’s second deepest lake (1435 m ) after Ozero, Baikal and also the second largest lake of Africa. It is a physical separator between the extensive coasts of the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Sea and the Sahara Desert. Q1. There are spots of woodlands, scattered trees, or shrubs, depending on the length of the dry season. The topic Major Rivers of the World is important, and UPSC aspirants might also encounter 1 or 2 questions related to important rivers in UPSC prelims. This is the Sudan type of climate and has tropical Grassland or Savanna vegetation. The most important ones are the Nile, the Congo, the Niger, and the Zambezi. Lake Victoria. It is the largest lake in Africa. Situated on the St. Vincent Gulf. This is what I did and it really helped me to score well in prelims (and in daydreaming and planning my dream itinerary of touring around the Globe- if I am ever able to save enough money and get Ex-India leave). It is also the highest peak of Lesotho. Get exclusive UPSC Resources that I only share with Telegram subscribers. Mount Tahat is the highest peak (2, 918 m). Lake Victoria species under threat: report, National List of Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) of India, Severe uranium contamination in India’s groundwater: Study, Recognition of Products under Geographical Indications, Copyright@IAS Abhiyan-2020 I All Rights Reserved. Geographic definitions of the Sahel region vary. 4. In some parts of the continent, large forest reserves have been established. In some places, there is the tall elephant grass. It is the southern most part of the continent and covers the countries such as Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, and Swaziland. Lake Manasarovar is a fresh-water lake in Tibet . The highest peak is 3,415 m. from mean sea level. There is a wrong notion among some UPSC candidates that they can learn everything by heart as far as maps are concerned. Mount Stanley at Margherita Peak (5,119 m is the highest pick of this mountain system. Wine and others were arrested on Kalangala Island in Lake Victoria, sparking protests at the site about 80 km (50 miles) southeast of Kampala. for life in … Africa. Lake Kariba is situated in the southernmost part of Africa a Zambezi river. Climate Of Countries On The Equator. Swamp and marsh also occur along the larger rivers and lakes of western and central Africa. Lake Victoria is at the border of Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. A large part of Africa lies in the Northern Hemisphere. A lake is a body of water of considerable size, localized in a basin, that is surrounded by land apart from a river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Mostly found along the African coast, but are most extensive along the Gulf of Guinea. The famous Victoria Falls at the head of a long gorge is on this river. Keeping in view the prevailing weather conditions such as temperature, rainfall, humidity etc the climatic zones of Africa are: There are extensive areas in Africa where few people live and where natural vegetation and wild animals have not been disrupted by such activities as farming or the raising of livestock. Antarctica – Lake Vostok(sub-glacial) Asia – Lake Baikal(if the Caspian Sea is considered a lake, it is the largest in Eurasia, but is divided between the two geographic continents) Africa is famous for its newly formed folded mountains. These are regions that grow short grasses only. It is bounded by the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Show Answer 72. Among the freshwater lakes of the world, it is exceeded in size only by Lake Superior in North America. Petroleum at mouth, navigable, irrigation, Cairo, Giza, Khartoum cities are on River Nile. Central Africa. It covers an area of 3,50,000 sq. km. Situated in the West of South Australia. Australia – Lake Eyre(Salt Lake) Africa – Lake Victoria, also the third-largest freshwater lake on Earth. Depending on elevation, latitude, and direction of the winds vegetation grows. Increased aridity and longer dry seasons are the main features of tropical steppes. The East African plateau, with probably a slightly greater average elevation, and marked by some distinct features. The report pointed for instance to the African Lungfish, a long eel-like fish, which it said has seen its numbers dwindle due largely to overfishing, poor fishing practices and environmental degradation as wetlands are converted … It has fully recognized 54 sovereign states. The extensive area stretches from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique including Burundi, Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mozambique, Réunion, Rwanda, Seychelles, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. ADELAIDE. 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